Hack #6 Baby Boom before the Hip-Hop

Hip Generation X & and the Baby Boom Generation

The Hip Hop generation is are African Americans that are born between 1965 and 1984 these are the children that are growing up in post segregated America. This generation suffers from belligerent racism unable to find jobs or be accepted by others for the color of their skin. The 1970s brought us the beginning of Rap and with that started a revolution of rap culture. This generation uses hip-hop as a form of expression to tell their life stories through music. A generation that founded hip-hop and gave it its wings to flourish into a genre that exemplifies elf expression (Pratt). While the Hip Hop music was very new and generation x was dated to start in 973 the founders are very notable baby boomers. Baby Boomers are a generation that went through of a lot of trials and through that they have created a generation filled with inventions. One of these breaking points was when Run DMC founders of generation X and also part of the baby boomer generation. This group was the first hip-hop act to earn a deal with that major brand like Adidas. Through their song, My Adidas hit American Airwaves across the country and brought the light to Rap culture (Pratt ). 

 

The greatest generation refers to those born in the years 1910 to 1924. For those belonging to the greatest generation, they were able to experience a time before the great depression, however, were the ones had the youngest years trying to survive during the great depression that lasted from 1929 to 1930 (Pumphrey). The great depression was an economic turmoil that affected the United States and parts of Europe leaving the western world in the longest depression it has suffered. The greatest generation not only had to preserve through the great depression but the effects of war in particularly World War II (Pumphrey). The greatest generation can be credited for much of the movements that led to human rights such as the women’s suffrage movement and the black panther movement that baby boomers are credited for. Knowing this the greatest generation is a generation that has charities of personal responsibility, duty, and faith (Pumphrey). 

 

Pratt, Robin Mellery. “Run-D.M.C.’s ‘My Adidas’ and the Birth of Hip Hop Sneaker Culture.” The Business of Fashion, 18 July 2014, http://www.businessoffashion.com/articles/video/run-d-m-c-s-adidas-birth-hip-hop-sneaker-culture.
Pumphrey, Clint. “How the Greatest Generation Works.” HowStuffWorks, HowStuffWorks, 23 May 2011, people.howstuffworks.com/culture-traditions/generation-gaps/greatest-generation.htm.
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HACK EXTRA CREDIT: Women’s Suffrage Movement

Image: http://www.historybyzim.com/2013/03/woman-suffrage-parade-of-1913/

 

Women’s suffrage, it is one of the significant achievements that has been made in American history. After nearly three-quarters of a century, enfranchisement finally passed the Congress, adding the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. It goes without saying that enormous amount of efforts and sacrifices came along with this historical accomplishment. Women used tactics, strategies, and events in order to win the right to vote.

With the growth of the suffrage movement, more and more women from diverse classes advocated enfranchisement. These women ranged from working-class trade unionists and middle-class reformers to women from the very highest class and young college-educated women. The involvement from the highest class was critical, such as Alva Belmont, who was one of the richests, funding offices and aiding the publication of newspapers. The more and more large number of women united and participated in the movement, the more pressure it put on a move to women’s voting right.

To make the movement efficiently and effectively work, women’s organizations were indispensable. A lot of organizations were established during this time, including the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) and National Women’s Party (NWP). Alice Paul, once chair of NAWSA as well as the leader of NWP, was one of the very essential figures in leading the suffrage movement to the final triumph. Nothing could destroy or change her strong determination and dedication toward women’s right to vote, and she was willing to do and did whatever it takes to accomplish what she called “ordinary equality”.

Lastly and most importantly, a series of protests and parades, in other words, women’s public appearances, made a significant impact on winning the women’s right to vote. The most prominent suffrage parade was held in Washington, D.C. on March 3, 1913, which put the women’s suffrage movement on the front page news across the United States. This parade made an enormous change, leading to the suffrage debate in the House of Representatives for the first time in 17 years.

 

The Jazz Singer

During an era in which ruled by Jazz music, it is no surprise that the first movie to incorporate dialogue, also known as talking pictures, is the movie “The Jazz Singer,” a movie directed by Alan Crosland, starred by famous entertainer Al Jolson, and released on October 6th, 1927. Even though this movie was mostly a silent movie, the sounds added to it, along with the jazz music, captured the imagination of Americans, and revolutionized the entertainment industry. It became tremendously popular as it signaled the beginning of the “Sound Era” and won one of the first Academy Awards, which was held in May of 1929, as “the pioneer outstanding talking picture which has revolutionized the industry,” as well as best “engineering effects.” The movie depicted one of the most common cultural behaviors of its era that elder men have control over the lives of everyone else, but at the same time, it might be one of the first breakthroughs to look past racism, in somewhat a racist way, in the movie industry.

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The story of the “The Jazz Singer,” is simply about a Jewish man who prefers to sing jazz rather than follow his father’s wishes of singing religious songs. During this era, man was in control, and often time, choices were made for people. This reality affected not only women, but younger generations, as they were constantly told what to do by their elderly. This was an era not long after the Great War, an era when young men fought in the war, black and white, while women took over men’s jobs back homes. One would think that after such global incident, the way of thinking would change, and that there would be more equality, but sadly that was not the case. However, I feel the slight hope for the people back in that era when I knew about the story behind this movie.

In “The Jazz Singer,” Al Jolson uses the blackface, which vaguely seems racist. However, in the movie he uses the mask to simply hide his identity, so his father would not know the truth. Surely, some people might think that it was racist to do so, especially since the stereotype correlates African Americans with Jazz, but I truly believe that the intention behind it was not to be racist whatsoever. To me, it is no different than Ben Affleck hiding behind the black mask.

Today, it seems strange that people were fascinated by the “talking pictures,” and even though this was not the first movie to incorporate sound, it was the first to have a completely informal dialogue, and this is was start of many others. One must remember the tremendous impact a simple dialogue between two people can have on culture, especially in recent years, where a simple phrase can take off and become a meme.

http://www.mtv.com/news/2767055/whats-the-big-deal-the-jazz-singer-1927

Extra credit Hack; The 1960s and 1970s

There were a lot of changes in the 1970’s as some of the social movements that started in the 1960’s started to fade, and the focus of Americans were different struggles such as equal employment. 

The civil rights led by Martin Luther King 

king
Martin Luther King 

achieved a lot for African Americans; however, the community was still getting organized in many institutions like universities and social organizations. Higher education became important for the American culture in the 1970s, but the access to higher education was difficult for the cost and sometimes privileges for some groups. The Women’s movement changed focus to politics and important positions on institutions and factories. Some of the social problems that started in the 1960s remained the same. For example, the drug abuse, On October 27, 1970, Congress passed the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act. The 1970’s was a transitional decade, some of the main ideas of the 1960s were still in progress or Americans were still adapting to them; however, many institutions focused on producing knowledge instead of producing more products. As the article mentioned that it is doubtful the passions and tide of changes that erupted in the 1950’s/1960’s could have continued. At some point, the culture must stop, catch its breath and consolidate the changes. So, the 1970’s became the decade for society to do that.

 

Sources:

https://www.thoughtco.com/african-american-history-timeline-1970-1979-45445

 

#1970s #Civilrights #Equalopportunities #highereducation

 

Hack #6

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The Vietnam War divided the US , the war was a confusing time often times people didn’t know how to express what they were feeling or really couldn’t understand how to explain situations. Many artist would take on the challenge of expressing their ideas on the way and enlightening listenings on situations they may not be aware of. What’s Going On by Marvin Gaye address many of the questions that people were having during the war, and more importantly it also  address both the war and protesting and the African American prospective.

Mother, mother

There’s too many of you crying

Brother, brother, brother

There’s far too many of you dying

You know we’ve got to find a way

To bring some lovin’ here today, eheh

What Gate does in this first few lines of this verus is address how many mother are cry. This is because their songs or husbands are dying while in war.  The second part of this versu Gaye addressing to the soldier as brothers who would many would assume is a direct connection to the african American soldiers. In the last part of this versu he address how there needs to be another solution to the conflict. The vietnam war would go on for around 20 years, Gaye would release this song around 1971, by this time the war had been going on for around 16 years already.   

Father, father

We don’t need to escalate

You see, war is not the answer

For only love can conquer hate

You know we’ve got to find a way

To bring some lovin’ here today, oh oh oh

During the second verse Gaye would speak to “father” possibly freeing to politicians or men who are elderly and wise. The reason behind this is he’s trying to convince them to see there shouldn’t be escalation to the war.  Gaye does an important job expressing to the listener how violence should be the answer. This is is over all message bringing light to there should be an alternative to war and how “love” will help solve this solution of war.

Picket lines and picket signs

Don’t punish me with brutality

Talk to me, so you can see

Oh, what’s going on

What’s going on

Yeah, what’s going on

Ah, what’s going on

The third versus i would have to say in Gaye most powerful verse, this is because he address the way people have been protesting. Protesting was one with picket lines and signs, but often they would be met by focus of the police forces where this was happening. Many listening may or may not of been aware that this was happening but the fact that Gaye mentions the brutality is bringing awareness. When Gaye repeats “what’s going on” He’s speaking directly to the listener, he has expressed many situation and by doing so it allows the listening to really think about what Gaye is asking.

 

Sources:

Lyrics: https://genius.com/Marvin-gaye-whats-going-on-lyrics

Song: https://genius.com/Marvin-gaye-whats-going-on-lyrics

Extra HACK: The global influence of hip hop

bboy.jpg

Photo Source: https://hiphopdanceschool.wordpress.com/2010/04/04/1971the-rock-steady-crew/

In the 1970s, hip-hop as a cultural phenomenon became an important cultural change in the United States. “Hip-hop is a state of mind; a way of living and being” (Gwendolyn D. Pough, “Seeds and Legacies: Tapping the Potential in Hip-Hop, p. 284). In this scene, there are art forms of singing, graffiti, DJ and B-boying styles. In this HACK, I will write about B-boying emerged in the Bronx, New York in the 1970s. Since then, it had been used as a firm rejection of the dominant white patriarchal social order by the black and the Latino and now a nonverbal communication tool between people across the globe beyond barriers such as race, cultural difference, verbal language, and so on.

Dancers called B-boys usually performed on street and showed their creative forms of body movement with beats such as rap music and other musical forms. In the above video Breaking L.A. 1980s, Ice Cold Crew performs the b-boying in Venice Beach, L.A., and people from the young to the old and from the black and the Latino to the white got together and enjoyed the performance.

Like a rap whose lyrics influence on social issues, b-boying as a counterculture functioned against social problems. Emily Jordan quotes the journal Identity Constructions among Breakdancers written by Fasting, Kari, and Langnes on her post about the history of b-boys, “The B-boy world functioned as a counterculture – an escape – from the traditionally oppressive society that members encountered on a daily basis. As a B-boy, dancers felt empowered and liberated from the stigma and stereotyping they faced as a result of their race and/or ethnicity” (http://haenfler.sites.grinnell.edu/b-boys/).

In the modern society, hip-hop, the subculture of America, has been spreading throughout the world. Kai Ryssdal and Daisy Palacios explain on the article The Global Influence of Hip Hop and Breakdancing, “Although hip-hop culture has made its way through much of the world, there are still some places where you wouldn’t expect hip-hop music to flourish, and countries like Colombia, Yemen, Cambodia, and Uganda, might not come to mind when discussing the art of breakdance.” Hip-hop dancers express their identities with free but specific body movements including their own signature movements through the competition called “Battle.” Their dance and body languages are used to communicate with the opposite group during the battle. Even though it is called as ‘battle,’ they don’t fight but pursue the interaction within the peace. I attach three videos. In the first video, you can see how they feel the music and enjoy the hip-hop subculture.

In the second video, you can see how they control their excitement aroused by the opposite dancers and pursue the peace.

The last video, one of my favorite videos, is not about B-boying but Poppin dance which is another type of hip-hop dance. In this video, you can see how they are creative and interactive.

These three videos have one thing in common. They pay attention to the opposite dancers, try to understand what they express, and actively participate in their nonverbal communication without any distinction. Even though there would be some aggressive expression during the battle, they hug each other and express their respect for others without ill feelings. I think this subculture of America has influenced on the world with good function.

 

References

Langnes, Tonje F, and Kari Fasting. “Identity Constructions among Breakdancers.” International Review for the Sociology of Sport, vol. 51, no. 3, 2014, pp. 349–364., doi:10.1177/1012690214526402.

Forman, M. (Ed.), Neal, M. (Ed.). (2004). That’s the Joint!. New York: Routledge.

“Subcultures and Sociology.” Grinnell College, haenfler.sites.grinnell.edu/b-boys/.

Staff, Marketplace. “The Global Influence of Hip Hop and Breakdancing.” Marketplace, Marketplace, www.marketplace.org/2015/05/19/world/global-influence-hip-hop-and-breakdancing.

Method in the Madness: Exploring the Boundaries of …http://www.bing.com/cr?IG=86406468A4F04AE785BF03320CA4EBD1&CID=175D67AFC032670806806BE4C1CF6627&rd=1&h=KCeUFBZVr6ZE8xG8KIRxLDrNJ_34c1AVZ3-_ENF6xyk&v=1&r=http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/13504639751952&p=DevEx.LB.1,5063.1.

“1971:The Rock Steady Crew.” Hip Hop Dance School!, 10 Apr. 2010, hiphopdanceschool.wordpress.com/2010/04/04/1971the-rock-steady-crew/.

skillsone. “Breaking L.A. 1980’s.” YouTube, YouTube, 25 Oct. 2015, www.youtube.com/watch?v=lCjF-8hgHMQ.

“Morning of Owl vs Disfunctional Art | Royal B-Boy Battle Qualifier 2017.” YouTube, YouTube, 8 May 2017, www.youtube.com/watch?v=V3IoUeYLpzE.

“Pro KillTheBeat Morning of Owl Crew vs Pockemon Crew Battle FINAL 2015.” YouTube, YouTube, 30 Jan. 2015, www.youtube.com/watch?v=nhsix5EgZPw.

hurricanesstudio. “HURRICANES BATTLE-ISM 2013 TAIWAN | POPPIN CREW BATTLE – TEAM EUROPE VS TEAM KOREA.” YouTube, YouTube, 5 Dec. 2013, www.youtube.com/watch?v=LvKxPExS-yM.

 

Extra_Credit_Hack

Hip_Hop_Movementpng.png

When looking at the culture Hip Hop one can believe that it has no positive outcomes for people involved in it. Instead, when examining Hip Hop according to Gwendolyn D. Pough in the book Seeds and Legacies: Tapping the Potential in Hip-Hop when referencing Tupac and Notorious BIG that “their music touched the lives of many on a daily basis” (Pough 287). Much negativity surrounds the Hip Hop culture but when investigating it fully one can see the genuineness it offers. As stated by Gwendolyn D. Pough “the negative things we see in rap music and Hip-Hop culture are the negative things we see in this country—in this society—if we are honest” (Pough 288). However, some artists “also during this period, Tupac became known for his ability to plan events, organize people, and raise their political consciousness” (Stanford 10). One thing Hip-Hop rap culture offers is a relatable scenario for people and that is the majority if not all the rappers grew up poor and know firsthand experiences of growing up disadvantaged. Hip Hop uses historical situations as it communicates to its audience on uniting to fix this issue. In an article, Hip-Hop Is Good For The Brain. A New Study Proves It published by Bonita it states “Much of the efficacy of Hip-Hop therapy is attributed to “positive visual imagery” in Rap lyrics, exemplified by songs “that detail people who rise from the ashes of poverty or overcome significant obstacles to find fame, fortune, admiration, and redemption”. Overall, when studying the brain it proves that much of the rappers state of mind it begins to use very complex creative parts of it.

 

#HipHop #Rap #NegativeToPositive

 

Sources:

Pough, Gwendolyn D. Seeds and Legacies: Tapping the Potential in Hip-Hop. Edited by Mark Anthony. Neal and Murray Forman, Routledge, 2004.

Stanford, Karin L.  KeepirT It Real in Hip  Hop Politics: A Political  Perspective of Tupac Shakur. SAGE.

Bonita. “Hip-Hop Is Good For The Brain. A New Study Proves It.” Ambrosia For Heads, 28 Dec. 2017, ambrosiaforheads.com/2017/12/the-new-science-behind-hip-hops-effect-on-the-brain/.

https://www.google.com/search?rlz=1C1REZA_enUS771US805&biw=1920&bih=974&tbm=isch&sa=1&ei=5-tyW97jLces0gK-7qugBQ&q=hip+hop+&oq=hip+hop+&gs_l=img.3..0i67k1l10.2048.2048.0.2318.1.1.0.0.0.0.64.64.1.1.0….0…1c.1.64.img..0.1.63….0.OilLoCEvAe4#imgrc=4b6ZCkNoMM0KEM:

Hack #5: Forgive me I’m a rider, still I’m just a simple man All I want is money, f&%# the fame I’m a simple man

All Eyez on me is definitely one of my favorite tupac albums. At first glance, this song might seem like it is about sex. However, if you listen deeper, there is a more comprehensive message. As we read earlier a couple of weeks ago, the zoot suit was seen as a threat to those who “have taste,” and who belong in the middle to upper class. In the first verse of the song, Tupac goes on telling listeners that he is just a normal man who desires the same things almost everyone desires. The high life, the money, and everything the idea of capitalism is about. What I find especially intriguing is in the third verse, Pac says,

“Raised as a youth, tell the truth I got the scoop
On how to get a bulletproof, because I jumped from the roof
Before I was a teenager, mobile phone, SkyPager
Game rules, I’m livin’ major, my adversaries
Is lookin’ worried, they paranoid of gettin’ buried”

This verse is an indicator of how Tupac felt about himself moving up in the world, that he is now seen as a threat, simply because he carries around more than what the average man has. So what fuels this fear in people who have so much in life of people who are earning their trophies? Perhaps it has a lot to do with the fact of feeling special, something about their ego being destroyed, when other people “make it.”

 

https://songmeanings.com/songs/view/46554/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/All_Eyez_on_Me

 

 

Hack #5: “It Was a Good Day”

In 1992, rapper, Ice Cube (along with MC Ren, O’Kelly Isley, Rudolph Isley, Ronald Isley, Ernie Isley, Marvin Isley, and Chris Jasper) wrote “It Was a Good Day.” The track was released with “The Predator,” a twenty track album. Ice Cube himself states that the inspiration for this song was how his life was going at the time. He had reached a comfortable success and importantly, Ice Cube felt that his mind was at peace.

The very first line of his song goes “Just wakin’ up in the morning, gotta thank God.” Author Gwendolyn Plough makes an important point in her chapter, Sees and Legacies: Tapping the Potential Hip-Hop, when she states “Hip-Hop is a state of mind” (284). What is going on in the current world impacts music produced immensely. Despite what was happening with society (the 1992 LA Riots had occurred earlier that year), Ice Cube felt secure and expressed that in his song. In the third verse, he raps:

Today was like one of those fly dreams

Didn’t even see a berry flashin’ those high beams

No helicopter lookin’ for a murder

He finishes the verse with “Today I didn’t even have to use my AK/ I gotta say, it was a good day.” Ice Cube references the police and knows that a day without conflict is one to celebrate. However, in the outro, he addresses the producer, DJ Pooh, saying “stop this shit!/What the fuck am I thinkin’ about?/Ah.” Ultimately, this shows that a “good day” can only be a dream.


“Ice Cube – It Was a Good Day.” Genius, 17 Nov. 1992, genius.com/Ice-cube-it-was-a-good-day-lyrics.

Pough, Gwendolyn D. Thats the Joint! The Hip Hop Studies Reader. Chapter: Seeds and Legacies: Tapping the Potential in Hip-Hop. Routledge, New York.

 

Hip Hop, Black Power, and Rap

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Hip Hop and Rap have long been and are still today an enormous platform for spreading the word about causes such as brutality and racism. With a specific audience and a loud message, lyrics from rap songs can even cause social movements. As Gwendolyn Pough says, “We know that rap music can get them on the dance floor. The key is to get them moving in the same direction towards social change” (286). Lyrics from Dr. Dre’s song Some L.A. Niggaz express police brutality in Los Angeles amongst other obstacles in daily life. Dr. Dre openly illustrates that certain rules, primarily regarding police, are a requirement to stay alive in LA as a black man. He repeats the line, “Requirements for survival each day in L.A.!”. Dr. Dre shows the injustice that primarily black people have to handle each day while living in the hoods of LA. These lyrics reach many thousands of people and Dr. Dre uses this platform to demand social justice and to educate more people about others’ hardships.

Lyrics:

We roll deep, smoke on weed drink and pack heat
Requirements for survival each day in L.A.!
It don’t stop, we still mash in hot pursuit from the cops
Analyze why we act this way in L.A.!

#rap #DrDre #LA #music

Book Source: Seeds and Legacies: Tapping the Potential in Hip-Hop by Gwendolyn D. Pough

Image Source: https://www.drdre.com/

Song: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cCDSka70Vug