Hack #6


The Vietnam War divided the US , the war was a confusing time often times people didn’t know how to express what they were feeling or really couldn’t understand how to explain situations. Many artist would take on the challenge of expressing their ideas on the way and enlightening listenings on situations they may not be aware of. What’s Going On by Marvin Gaye address many of the questions that people were having during the war, and more importantly it also  address both the war and protesting and the African American prospective.

Mother, mother

There’s too many of you crying

Brother, brother, brother

There’s far too many of you dying

You know we’ve got to find a way

To bring some lovin’ here today, eheh

What Gate does in this first few lines of this verus is address how many mother are cry. This is because their songs or husbands are dying while in war.  The second part of this versu Gaye addressing to the soldier as brothers who would many would assume is a direct connection to the african American soldiers. In the last part of this versu he address how there needs to be another solution to the conflict. The vietnam war would go on for around 20 years, Gaye would release this song around 1971, by this time the war had been going on for around 16 years already.   

Father, father

We don’t need to escalate

You see, war is not the answer

For only love can conquer hate

You know we’ve got to find a way

To bring some lovin’ here today, oh oh oh

During the second verse Gaye would speak to “father” possibly freeing to politicians or men who are elderly and wise. The reason behind this is he’s trying to convince them to see there shouldn’t be escalation to the war.  Gaye does an important job expressing to the listener how violence should be the answer. This is is over all message bringing light to there should be an alternative to war and how “love” will help solve this solution of war.

Picket lines and picket signs

Don’t punish me with brutality

Talk to me, so you can see

Oh, what’s going on

What’s going on

Yeah, what’s going on

Ah, what’s going on

The third versus i would have to say in Gaye most powerful verse, this is because he address the way people have been protesting. Protesting was one with picket lines and signs, but often they would be met by focus of the police forces where this was happening. Many listening may or may not of been aware that this was happening but the fact that Gaye mentions the brutality is bringing awareness. When Gaye repeats “what’s going on” He’s speaking directly to the listener, he has expressed many situation and by doing so it allows the listening to really think about what Gaye is asking.



Lyrics: https://genius.com/Marvin-gaye-whats-going-on-lyrics

Song: https://genius.com/Marvin-gaye-whats-going-on-lyrics

Hack #5


Music has always been connected with giving an audience a message or even opening their eyes to a situation they might not of known of. Wu-tang clan is considered hands down one of best rap groups of all time, their single C.R.E.A.M.  was rehearsal of their album Enter the Wu-Tang (36 Chambers)  in 1993. The song talks about the struggles and hurdles each raper would be faced with while growing up. “However Gkadney’s clearest connection between Hip-hop and the Black Arts Movement occurs in his discussion of “Black rage and anger and cultural expression.”(285), this is exactly what Wu-Tang clan does with the opening verses in their song C.R.E.A.M..

I grew up on the crime side, the New York Times side.

Staying alive was no jive.

Had second hands, moms bounced on old man”(Wu-Tang)

breaking down each line the artist is letting the listen know that they grew up in a nightbreed filled with lots of crime.   The second line expressing how “staying alive was no jive”, meaning the act of living was not an easy task further expressing the struggle of where the artist was raised to the listener.  The third line would express how family struggle would plague lower income families and oftentimes families would be missing a parent.

Started smoking woolies at sixteen
And running up in gates, and doing hits for high stakes
Making my way on fire escapes
No question I would speed, for cracks and weed
The combination made my eyes bleed

This next vures covers a lot about the brutality and realization on how the inner city was, and what type of things they were being exporese to at a young age. The idea of a sixteen year old having to smoke weed is often not a common thing for many people. When the artist is talking about fire escapes and high stakes he is expressing how often he would have to run around to hide for his life or even use these methods for stealing items. When referring to crack and weed and how he would speed to it meaning he would run to this as a coping mechanism. What Wu-tang was able to accomplish in this song was really highlight the idea of African american growing up in the inner city and how each would struggle with many situation. Wu-tang did use their own personal experience to connect with listening so they could truly understand the struggles they went through. By doing this the empowerment of information would offer an idea of change and seeing this struggle not wanting to be repeater.



Seeds and Legacies: Tapping the Potential in Hip Hop. Gwendolyn Pough. SAGE. 2011.

lyrics: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PBwAxmrE194

Hack #4



The song i chose to research on was the protest song from British folk singer Micky Softley. This song is a protest to the many views on the vietnam war. In the first verse Softley paints a scene describing a soldier and where is his going and what he is fight for, “Went out to fight for peace, liberty and all. Went out to fight for equality, hope, let’s go”, many americans believe at the time that this was the reason soldiers were being sent to vietnam. In the second verse Softley describes the realization that many soldiers going to war would find themselves in. “Found himself involved in a sea of blood and bones. Millions without faces, without hope and without homes”, this picture painted by Softley shows how fighting for peace and equality comes at a cost.  In the third verse Softley is describing what the soldiers are possibly thinking after being in the county for some time now. “But the way that they’re doing it, it don’t seem like that to me. Just more blood-letting and misery and tears. That this poor countries known for the last twenty years”, the way the artist has the listen see that what these young man are doing, and how they are not having a real positive impact allows the listener to see the other side of the story and not just the propaganda that was being fed to them. It is also important to note how Softley  mentions how long the war as been going on far as many people tend to forget when conflicts start. What i consider the most powerful verse of Softleys song is the 4th verse, Last night poor Dan had a nightmare it seems. One kept occurring and re-occurring in his dream: Cities full of people burn and scream and shoutin’ loud And right over head a great orange mushroom cloud”. What Softley had done was give the listens a glimpse into what happens after a soldier comes home from war. PTSD would not be recognized by the American psychiatric association until the 1980’s, Softley was giving highlight to a disorder that was affecting so many young men in 1960. I beleive its also notable that this song hasn’t age and can be compared to many conflicts that the United States has seen since its rehearsal date. 

Artist: Micky Softley

Song: The War Drags On

Lyrics : https://genius.com/Donovan-the-war-drags-on-lyrics

Hack #3



In Cannibal Culture: Art, Appropriation, & the Commodification of Difference by Deborah Root, Root talks about how cultural appropriation was started and how white-owned companies thrived by selling cultural pieces. So when the Maasai of Kenya would have been stretching their earlobes for centuries by using nothing but pieces of stone, wood, and tusks. The Maasai of Kenya did practice this body modification for its enhancement of an individual beauty. This is very similar to how the western world is practicing this body modification, many individual don’t have a deep meaningful reason for this modification other than the enhancement to the individual looks. “Until Fairly recently racist fantasies of cultural superiority kept African or Native Cultural and aesthetic forms of having a mass audience in the West, especially among those who imagined European high culture to be more sophisticated or interesting than the arts of other people.”(73),  Root talks about how how a trend could of been slowed down by ignorance of accepting art performed by another culture. So now that Westerners do practice this modification that originated in African, the idea of them using the traditional tools to do so doesn’t seem likely. “Because cultural materials sells, more and more cultures and components of cultures enter the marketplace as commodities.(73), this is where “white-owned” companies have seen an opportunity and chosen to make their own versions of the traditional tools made to help stretch earlobes to this more pop culture inspired pieces. By doing this they have taken away from the traditional artwork that tribes like the Maasai of Kenya had used to practice the body modification.



Cannibal Culture: Art, Appropriation, & the Commodification of Difference. Deborah Root.1996. Jul. 30.2018.





Early Cinema: Nosferatu


Photo: Nosferatu Poster

Nosferatu was a symphony horror silent film released March 4, 1922 in German and was introduced to the United States on June 3, 1929. Directed by F. W. Muranu; produced by Enrico Dieckmann and Albin Grau; Screenplay by Henrik Galeen; and the film is based on Dracula by Bram Stoker without his permission. The theme of the film is folklore as it uses the majority of the plot from Dracula based off the Romanian folklore. Muranu tells us the story of Thomas Hutter (Gustav von Wangenheim) who is sent by his employer to visit a new client. Before Hutter visits this new client he says goodbye to his wife Ellen (Greta Schroder), who he leaves with his good friends.  This client is Count Orlok (Max Schreck) who Hutter meets at the the counts estate after a few days of travel. During dinner Hutter cut his finger and Orlok tries to suck his blood. The next day he wakes up in a empty castle with a bite on his neck. That evening Orlok signs all the paperwork and sees a photo of Hutters wife and makes the comment of her having a “lovely neck”. After a series of events Orlok heads to Hutters village by sea filling caskets with rats causing a plague, this plague would reach Hutters village.Many people pass away by the plague and Ellen finds out her pure blood can distract Orlok long enough to destroy him. She leaves her window open to lure him in, she is bitten and it’s enough to distract Orlok before sunrise causing him to vanish. Ellen has enough strength  to cry out for her husband before passing away. The next seen shows Orlak destroyed estate symbolising he is no longer a threat.


Photo: Count & Hutter

When it was released on 1922 in Germany the film did very well, despite the controversy with Stoker’s Dracula winning many awards.  Notable enough the film would become a cult classic influencing film even today. In June 1929 the film debut in America. “By the 1920s the mythical “Hollywood” was born, a distinctly American fantasy, one that could be invented out of whole cloth in a region that was still largely undeveloped.” (Sternheimer, 32), as Hollywood was still gaining traction films were in demand. This is why I believe Nosferatu did well in America in its first few months. Four months later the great depression would hit possible slowing the films traction. The grate depression would effect both rich and poor causing a 25 percent unemployment rate, meaning many people would be looking for a way to put food on the table, rather than enjoying the pleasures of a film. Eventually due to copyright issues a majority of the films original content would be destroyed. As for awards in the United States not much is mention during its time of release, the film would receive awards decades late.


Photo: Ellen

Nosferatu is a film that can be viewed by many lenses gender, culture, location/ geography, and identity to name a few. The lens I will focus on today will be that of gender, and how women are represented in the film and the roles they play. Nosferatu displays woman as damsel in distress, the women in the film are helpless and will cower at a dangerous situation. In the beginning of the film we see how his wife is expressing helplessness without her fkgjdfklghjdfjghdfghusband before he goes on his journey. Her husband also leaves his wife with two friends, viewing through the lens of gender a viewer would question if the director thinks a woman can’t stay alone without her husband. We see this is different scenes for example when Hutter stays at the inn, the local villagers warn him of a werewolf in the woods. When the film cuts to the werewolf, the very next scene is a group of women huddling together in fear. Ellen is also shown as a object sexuality multiple times, even Orlok the monster who causes terror and kills many people can not resist the succulent neck and beauty of Ellen. When Ellen is confronted by Orlok we see how she is scared, the scene is also sexualized with Orlok biting Ellen’s neck. “Suspension of pleasure over the

Image result for nosferatu ellen orlok

 course of prolonged sessions of dramatic suffering, offers a particularly intense, almost parodic enactment of the classic melodramatic scenario of the passive and innocent female victim suffering at the hands of a leering villain.” (Williams,8). This scene has more than a few seconds on screen to where Williams statement is being proven, Ellen’s demise, while also sexual is being extended to express the suffering of female character.

After viewing the film through a gender lens, it clear that the movie still shared the cultural belief where women where helpless. Although American culture would take progressive steps in 1920 to ensure women the right to vote. Then again in 1923 by introducing the Equal rights amendment, saying men and women shall have equal rights through the United States. The tone in portraying women on film in the late 1920’s women would still be seen as these fragile, scared individuals who would need a strong male to protect them.




Director: F. W. Murnau

Writer(s): Henrik Galeen

Producer(s): Enrico Dieckmann, Albin Grau

Main Cast: Max, Schreck, Gustav von Wangenheim, Greta Schroder, Alxander Granach


F. W. Murnau(Director). Nosfeatu [Video file]. Kino Lorber Edu. Retrieved July 19, 2018, from Kanopy.

Sternheimer, Karen. Celebrity Culture and the American Dream 2nd edition. 2015 Routledge.

Williams, Linda. Film Bodies: Gender Genre, and Excess,  Film Quarterly, Vol. 44, No. 4 (Summer, 1991), pp. 2-13. University of California Press

The last two photos where screenshotted from the film.:https://sdsu.kanopy.com/video/nosferatu-0









Hack #2 Film Bodies

She’s All That, is a prime example of how a melodrama film can still sexualize a women. The film was released in 1999 just at the end of the 20th century. The plot of the film is for a popular guy to conform a unpopular nerdy girl into a sexy “dateable” female to in a bet. The film portrays female bodies different than men,the film sets a standard for what makes a woman attractive, completely disregarding the females personality. The direction of the film guides our gazed to completely analyze Rachel Cooks character Laney Boggs. The director wants us to see the flaws that Freddie Prinze Jr. character Zack Siler views when profiling Laneys attractiveness. In the study “Film Bodies” by Linda Williams she explained how female body is a spectacle and sexual. The director spend a good majority of the film using panning shots to highlight how Laney boggs transformation is happening. These shots are focused on her legs, breast and outfits definitely over sexualizing the female body. I feel is the film would of been a role reversal it may not of had as much traction in the 20th century and even after, because the clearly used the female body and sexual influence to be a main point of the plot.

Image result for she's all that gif

Title of Movie: She’s All That

Director: Robert Iscove

Date of Release: 1999

Actors: Freddie Prinze Jr. as Zack Siler, Rachel Cooks as Laney Boggs

Source: Williams, Linda. Film Bodies: Gender, Genre, and Excess. Film Quarterly, Vol. 44, No. 4 (Summer, 1991), pp. 2-13.

Picture source: Photo   Photo #2


Hack #1 Circus “Others”

We all have to make a living, every needs to make income, it’s how you put a roof over your head and afford food to eat. If you were someone conducting interview for a potion and saw on someone’s resume they had worked for the circus how would you view them? When we think of the Circus ideas of clown, cotton candy, and being memories comes to mind. The circus will almost guarantee the wide eye goer to an experience that will be foreign to them. That idea of foreign is what make may you question that individual no normal person works for the circus right? It’s how unfortunately someone identity can be categories as an “other” it can happen very easily. This is what the author was trying to tell us that in the crius society has chosen the performers as the “others”, but in fact if those who are watching that are normal and others for not possessing unique skills. “Without either an American identity or an Other in place, the intellectuals of the early Republic were free to create a variety of oppositions.” What you should notice about someone who has circus on their resume is that they have unique skills that an average person doesn’t and is capable of doing things that will have take your breath away. This is that same reason whether you were rich or poor chose to see the circus. sn11134-2_medres_gl20141